Paramedics respond to ambulance calls providing critical care to patients in need of urgent medical attention. They then transport these patients to hospitals or other healthcare facilities for further medical care, while attempting to stabilize patients using various procedures and equipment (e.g. administering cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or using various drugs, oxygen masks, and defibrillators). They also tend to minor physical injuries, as required.
Paramedics are also responsible for other non-urgent transfers, whether they transport people leaving the hospital after treatment or from one hospital to another. They usually transport patients by land, but some specialized Paramedics might instead do it by air or water.
Paramedics usually work in pairs, teaming up with other qualified Paramedics, such as emergency care assistants or ambulance technicians, police officers, and firefighters.
Here’s a non-exhaustive list of common tasks Paramedics are required to complete.
- Responding to medical and traumatic emergencies while complying with applicable procedures, policies, and directives.
- Diagnosing patients and providing basic life support to seriously ill patients:
- Inserting drips, administering pain relief, and dressing wounds;
- evaluating the status of the patient by diagnosing the extent of their injuries or illness; and
- providing advanced emergency medical treatments to patients, restricting patient’s movements in order to avoid further injuries, and using stabilizing procedures and medications, as required.
- Inquiring patients, families, or witnesses about all relevant information about the patient or the accident in order to relay a detailed report to hospital staff upon arrival.
- Monitoring the patient’s vital signs and conditions during their journey to the hospital.
- Complying with safety standards at all times, taking preventive measures to avoid infection and contamination:
- Safely operating emergency vehicles and medical equipment; and
- ensuring the vehicle and its medical equipment are in excellent functioning condition by completing various safety, inventory, and maintenance tasks.
- Maintaining accurate and confidential medical records in accordance with established protocol:
- Keeping records of patients’ histories, accident details, and treatments provided.
- Providing assistance to other medical professionals in the emergency room, as required:
- Helping hospital staff with patients when necessary; and
- providing assistance during triage.
- Responding to medical and traumatic emergencies providing basic life support to seriously ill patients.
- Administering proper treatments and medication and providing guidance at the scene.
- Safely operating and maintaining emergency vehicles and medical equipment.
- Informing medical staff of a patient’s conditions and the treatments received in the ambulance.
- Keeping accurate records of all patients, treatments provided, and occurrences.
The average Paramedic salary in USA is $43,045 per year or $22 per hour. This is around 1.5 times more than the Median wage of the country. Entry level positions start at $30,000 while most experienced workers make up to $60,000. These results are based on 1,490 salaries extracted from job descriptions.
- Excellent interpersonal and communication skills:
- Communicating clearly, especially verbally, in order to create a clear and communicative environment with patients;
- displaying strong customer service skills, setting high standards of patient care and safety; and
- being able to work cohesively as part of a team, dealing with a diverse group of people, always conveying a positive image and building positive relationships with others.
- Exceptional ability to work under pressure in challenging settings:
- Having strong multitasking skills; being exceptionally flexible, able to deal with a broad variety of dynamic, fast-paced environments; and
- being able to face both emotionally and physically demanding situations
- Analytical, problem-solving, and decision-making skills:
- Identifying issues and resolving problems in a timely manner using critical thinking and good judgment; and
- being able to analyze, assess, and diagnose the patients’ condition in order to provide them with the proper treatments.
- Organizational skills:
- Being able to prioritize tasks and responsibilities.
- Significant use of memory and exceptional attention to detail.
- High levels of manual dexterity, motor coordination, and physical strength:
- Displaying exceptional attention to detail and good hand skills, having outstanding hand-eye coordination;
- being able to bend, lift, and kneel; and
- having enough physical strength to lift and carry patients when necessary.
- Trustworthy enough to manage sensitive/confidential information.
Aside from the skills listed above, Paramedics must have completed a basic and intermediate Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) training program. The Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs provides a list of accredited institutions. To apply for any of the programs, it is necessary to be at least 18 years old, to have a high school diploma, and a CPR certification.
After passing the basic and intermediate training, aspirants can join a 2-year Paramedic program, which usually leads to an associate’s degree. However, having a degree is not enough, as it is mandatory to be certified to perform this job. Aspirants have to pass the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) exam, as well as some state tests, to get a certification. Additionally, applicants need to be licensed. To do so, they need to meet each state’s licensing requirements. In the United States, it is required that EMTs pass the NREMT EMT-Basic exam in order to obtain state licensure.
Although not obligatory, it is highly advisable to join an EVOC (Emergency Vehicle Operations Course) training before driving an ambulance as it is a common request among employers.
Most Paramedic positions require between one (1) and three (3) years of ambulance experience administering critical care. Paramedics also need to own a valid driver’s license and demonstrate advanced driving skills, as well as an in-depth knowledge of emergency medical procedures, including medical terminology and medications.
Since the emergency medical service operates on a 24/7 basis and all work is carried out in planned shifts, Paramedics must be able to work flexible schedules, including regular and irregular hours, such as weekends and national holidays.
This line of work is both emotionally and physically demanding; therefore, Paramedics must demonstrate exceptional stress management skills, as well as excellent stamina and agility. They work on their feet during long periods of time and often have to lift patients and heavy equipment; thus, they are usually required to take pre-hire physical tests and other medical examinations. Most employers will also administer criminal background checks as well.