The Transportation industry focuses mostly on transporting people and cargo from one place to another by land, sea, or air. Transportation professionals use a wide variety of vehicles including, but not limited to, light and heavy-cargo trucks, buses, automobiles, vans, motorcycles, trains, and bicycles. The top two priorities in this field are safety and time efficiency.
In order to achieve safe and fast transportation of passengers and goods, there is a great deal of planning and coordinating involved. Transportation professionals spend time analyzing and deciding on the most efficient routes, as well as calculating and taking into account multiple variables, such as distance, time, and speed, so as to successfully arrange and comply with tight schedules.
Furthermore, since the field usually involves contact with different people, safety regulations and social skills are necessary, not only to carry out the job, but also to reach the main objectives of this industry: to serve communities and bring territories and people closer together.
Transportation professionals are usually responsible for the following:
- Inspecting vehicle conditions to ensure proper functioning and, thus, safety.
- Liaising with headquarters, stations, and dispatchers.
- Picking up and dropping off passengers at designated areas.
- Assisting passengers with limited mobility or baggage.
- Supervising or assisting in the loading or unloading of cargo.
- Keeping a respectful, friendly environment inside the vehicle.
- Monitoring and reporting the vehicle’s location and speed, as well as its condition.
- Adhering to traffic and transportation laws and regulations.
- Looking out for possible hazards on the road.
- Responding to emergencies by following the established procedure.
- Performing minor mechanical repairs when necessary.
- Adhering to a tight schedule.
- Keeping records or logbooks of people and/or cargo transported.
All professionals working in the Transportation field usually share the same characteristics, which include, but are not limited to:
- Possessing exceptional mechanical and driving skills.
- Having high levels of self-reliance and resourcefulness.
- Following instructions and regulations.
- Being in excellent physical condition and having high levels of stamina.
- Having excellent eyesight and hearing.
- Having great stress and time management skills.
- Being comfortable working at heights or in closed, small spaces.
- Possessing good interpersonal and communication skills.
- Being a demonstrated team player with great leadership skills.
- Displaying high levels of honesty, integrity, and reliability.
Transportation professionals work for a wide variety of companies and employers. They can work for municipal or city governments or for private companies. The educational requirements for Drivers and Conductors will greatly depend on the type of vehicle being operated. Some positions only require applicants to have completed secondary school education, whereas other positions demand applicants to possess a college or university diploma in a field related to the mean of transportation they would be working with.
The most common requirement for all Transportation professionals is having the proper licenses and certificates to operate a specific vehicle. Most of these licenses are issued by specialized government agencies and require applicants to go through a specific training and examination before they can receive their certification. The requirements to obtain a license can vary from state to state, but they are valid throughout the entire country regardless of where they were issued.